Speech acts : when words are actions.
Actions: ordering, promising, apologising, warning, sentencing, christening, marrying.

Two separate parts of speech:
  • Constantive ("is"): sentences that describe something as true or false.
  •  Performative ("does"): sentences that denote an action. They depend on context and reception. These are known as felicity conditions:
  1. Authoritative
  2. Understood
  3. Clear
  4. Able to be executed
If the performative doesn't meet these conditions, then it doesn't have the power to denote action. But just because a performative meets its conditions and is clearly stated doesn't mean that it's implicity followed.


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