PORTFOLIO # 3 - SPEECH ACTS.
Speech acts : when words are actions.
Actions: ordering, promising, apologising, warning, sentencing, christening, marrying.
Two separate parts of speech:
- Constantive ("is"): sentences that describe something as true or false.
- Performative ("does"): sentences that denote an action. They depend on context and reception. These are known as felicity conditions:
- Able to be executed
If the performative doesn't meet these conditions, then it doesn't have the power to denote action. But just because a performative meets its conditions and is clearly stated doesn't mean that it's implicity followed.